Sorrento & Monte Vesúvio - Campania, Italia

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Vesuvius is a stratovolcano located in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about nine kilometers west of Naples and a short distance from the coast. It is the only volcano in continental Europe to have erupted in the last hundred years, although it is currently inactive. Of the two other main active volcanoes in Italy, Etna is located on the island of Sicily and Stromboli is on the island of the same name.
Vesuvius is best known for the eruption in A.D. 79, which resulted in the destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Both were never rebuilt, although surviving inhabitants and occasional looters carried out various loot in the rubble. The location of the cities was eventually forgotten, until they were accidentally rediscovered in the late 18th century.
The eruption of 79 also changed the course of the Sarno River and increased the coastal area around it. Vesuvius itself underwent several significant changes – its slopes were cleared and its peak changed considerably due to the strength of the eruption. Since then, the volcano has been in activity several times, and is currently considered one of the most dangerous in the world due to its tendency to explode and the population of 3,000,000 inhabitants in its vicinity, making it the most populous volcanic region in the world. .

Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio, Latin: Mons Vesuvius) is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is one of several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc. Vesuvius consists of a large cone partially encircled by the steep rim of a summit caldera caused by the collapse of an earlier and originally much higher structure.
Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. That eruption spawned a deadly cloud of stones, ash and fumes to a height of 20.5 miles, spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. An estimated 16,000 people died due to hydrothermal pyroclastic flows. The only surviving eyewitness account of the event consists of two letters by Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus.
Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.


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